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Wetenschappelijke literatuur

Document: Oschman, 2014: Energy Medicine

Publicatiedatum: January 2014, 2nd edition.

Taal: Engels

Omschrijving: This book, written by a well-known scientist with a background in biophysics and biology brings together evidence from a range of disciplines to provide an acceptable explanation for the energetic exchanges that take place in all therapies. It addresses a growing interest in the field of mind-body medicine and the role of natural “energy forces” within the body in maintaining normal health and wellbeing. This in turn has lead to interest in how these energies or forces may be channelled to assist in healing and the restoration of normal health.

Professor Jim Oschman is the author of a ground-breaking series of articles on “healing energy” published in the Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. These articles have now been developed into two books, Energy Medicine: The Scientific Basis and Energy Medicine in Therapeutics and Human Performance. These two books give the most skeptical academic scientists a theoretical basis for exploring the physiology and biophysics of energy medicines.

Dr. Oschman has both the academic credentials and the background in alternative therapies to carry out his explorations. He has degrees in Biophysics and Biology from the University of Pittsburgh. He has worked in major research labs around the world. These include Cambridge University in England, Case-Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, the University of Copenhagen, Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, where he was on the faculty, and the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, where he was a staff scientist. His many scientific papers have been published in the world’s leading journals. And, to learn about the theories and practices underlying complementary methods, Jim has both taught and attended classes at various schools around the world, and experienced a wide range of bodywork techniques. This has brought Jim some distinctions, including acting as President of the New England School of Acupuncture, and a Distinguished Service Award from the Rolf Institute. Jim continues his research and writing in Dover, New Hampshire, where he is President of Nature’s Own Research Association.

Dr. Oschman is a member of the Scientific Advisory Board for the National Foundation for Alternative Medicine in Washington, DC, USA. On November 16, 2002, Jim was presented with the Foundation’s Founders Award at a ceremony held at the Madison Hotel in Washington, DC. Jim is a member of the Scientific Advisory Board for the National Foundation for Alternative Medicine; which is currently focused on researching electromagnetic devices for treating cancer. This is the only organization that sends scouts throughout the world searching for alternative therapies with the goal of subjecting these methods to scientific investigation and reporting the results to the American public on its web page:

Document: Karu,_2005_Absorption_measurements

DocumentAbsorption measurements of a cell monolayer relevant to phototherapy #

Publicatiedatum: January 2005

Taal: Engels

Omschrijving: Absorption measurements of a cell monolayer relevant to phototherapy: Reduction of cytochrome c oxidase under near IR radiation Visible light influences mitochondrian Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 81 (2005) 98–106 Tiina I. Karu a,*, Lydmila V. Pyatibrat a, Sergei F. Kolyakov b, Natalya I. Afana

Document: Karu,_2005_Absorption_measurements

Publicatiedatum: August 2005

Taal: Engels

Omschrijving: Abstract Phototherapy uses monochromatic light in the optical region of 600–1000 nm to treat in a non-destructive and non-thermal fashion various soft-tissue and neurological conditions. This kind of treatment is based on the ability of light red-to-near IR to alter cellular metabolism as a result its being absorbed by cytochrome c oxidase. To further investigate the involvement of cytochrome c oxidase as a photoacceptor in the alteration of the cellular metabolism, we have aimed our study at, first, recording the absorption spectra of HeLa-cell monolayers in various oxygenation conditions (using fast multichannel recording), secondly, investigating the changes caused in these absorption spectra by radiation at 830 nm (the radiation wavelength often used in phototherapy), and thirdly, comparing between the absorption and action spectra recorded. The absorption measurements have revealed that the 710- to 790-nm spectral region is characteristic of a relatively reduced photoacceptor, while the 650- to 680-nm one characterizes a relatively oxidized photoacceptor. The ratio between the peak intensities at 760 and 665 nm is used to characterize the redox status of cytochrome c oxidase. By this criterion, the irradiation of the cellular monolayers with light at k = 830 nm (D = 6.3 · 103 J/m2) causes the reduction of the photoacceptor. A similarity is established between the peak positions at 616, 665, 760, 813, and 830 nm in the absorption spectra of the cellular monolayers and the action spectra of the long-term cellular responses (increase in the DNA synthesis rate and cell adhesion to a matrix). 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Phototherapy; Photoprotection; Cytochrome

Document: Bonghan_channels_acupuncture_today_II.docx

Publicatiedatum: January 2009

Taal: Engels

Omschrijving: Validation of meridian functions and morphologic structure.

Document: Coherence_and_Pattern_-_Scientific_and_Aesthetic

Publicatiedatum: January 1992

Taal: Engels

Omschrijving: This publication describes that electro magnetism influences coherence in the human body and that coherence is needed to lower impedance.

Document: dairy_herd_health_complete

Publicatiedatum: January 2006

Taal: Engels

Omschrijving: Abstrsct This study aimedt o evaluatew hetheri mmunologicalp arameteni n milk and the impedancea t acupuncturpeo ints( APs) werer elatedt o herdh ealth:g oodv ersusp oor.T he studyu seda purposivelys electeds ampleo f l0 and in each herd 15 to 18 animalsw ere observedS. tatisticaml t animall evel includeda randomh erd effect, age and days in milk as medium. LPS. and ConA. The energy balance at the covariatesT. he capacityf or immuner tsponsew as estimatedth roughi n viho proliferationc ountsi At the right and left bladderm eridiansw e measuredim pedancea t 3 APs relatedt o diseasere si onset of lactation and other parameten confirmed the classification in good and poor health herds. The immunological parameten in milk wer€ not significantly related to health status, but LPS values of two herds the apparenpt ooresht ealth were consistently lower. The good health herds showed significantly lower impedance at all lmpedance values at APs correlated negatively with counts of LPS, indicating that good health animals had consistently counts ofmacrophages, i.e. better innate disease resistance. To confirm prospects of the parameters, we recommend the study with a larger randomly selected sample.

Document: Das Wesen der Materie, 1944. Max Planck #

Publicatiedatum: February 1944

Taal: Duits

Omschrijving: Als Physiker sage ich Ihnen nach meinen Erforschungen des Atoms dieses: Es gibt keine Materie an sich! Alle Materie entsteht und besteht nur durch die eigene Kraft, welche die Atomteilchen in Schwingung bringt und sie zum winzigsten Sonnensystem des Atoms zusammenhält… Wir müssen hinter dieser einen bewußten intelligenten Geist annehmen. Dieser Geist ist der Urgrund aller Materie! Nicht die sichtbare, aber vergängliche Materie ist das Reale, wahre Wirkliche, sondern der unsichtbare, unsterbliche Geist ist das Wahre!

Document: Handbook_Biological_Effects_of_Pulsating_Electromagnetic_Fields_PEMFS

Publicatiedatum: January 2006

Taal: Engels

Document: Heilen mit dem Geist #

Publicatiedatum: June 2013

Taal: Duits

Omschrijving: Hirnforscher entdecken, wie die Seele die Biologie des Körpers verändert und ihm helfen kann, Erkrankungen zu überwinden, Meditieren, Yoga and positives Denken, lange als Esoterik abgetan, erobern die Schulmedizin.

Document: Medex_-_High_Diagnostic_Potential

Publicatiedatum: February 2008

Taal: Engels

Omschrijving: Comprehensive Israeli research has shown that electro-acupuncture measurements were very suitable for diagnosis, including for digestive problems and problems of the spine.

Document: Near-death_experiences_-_Lancet

Publicatiedatum: December 2001

Taal: Engels

Omschrijving: Some people report a near-death experience (NDE) after a life-threatening crisis. We aimed to establish the cause of this experience and assess factors that affected its frequency, depth, and content. In a prospective study, we included 344 consecutive cardiac patients who wereresuscitated after cardiac arrest Findings 62 patients (18%) reported NDE, of whom 41 (12%) described a core experience.

Document: Sonic Eukaryotes-Sonocytology Cytoplasmic Milieu and the temps interieur #

Publicatiedatum: January 2004

Taal: Engels

Omschrijving: SONIC EUKARYOTES: SONOCYTOLOGY, CYTOPLASMIC MILIEU AND THE TEMPS INTERIEUR 2032009 By SOPHIA ROOSTH At the beginning, the whole body or organism raises up a sculpture or statue of tense skin, vibrating amid voluminous sound, open-closed like a box (or drum), capturing that by which it captured. We hear by means of the skin and the feet. We hear with the cranial box, the abdomen and the thorax. We hear by means of the muscles, nerves, and tendons. Our body-box, stretched with strings, veils itself within a global tympanum. We live amid sounds and cries, amid waves rather than spaces the organism moulds and indents itself…I am a house of sound, hearing and voice at once, black box and sounding-board, hammer and anvil, a grotto of echoes, a musicassette, the ear’s pavilion, a question mark, wandering in the space of messages filled or stripped of sense.…I am the resonance and the tone, I am altogether the mingling of the tone and its resonance.i –Michel Serres That we have no ears to hear the music the spores shot off from basidia make obliges us to busy ourselves microphonically.ii –John Cage INTRODUCTION Saccharomyces cerevisiae, more commonly known as yeast, is a unicellular fungus with a cell cycle similar to that of humans. The first eukaryote to have its genome fully sequenced and a standard model organism in biology research,iii yeast is an organism that lends itself easily to multisensory experiences. It has been imaged extensively with light and atomic force microscopy, and anyone who has seen the bottom of a pint glass or walked past a bakery can speak to S. cerevisiae’s olfactory and gustatory allures. It is fitting, then, that this species is also the first to have its cellular noises amplified and recorded. Sonocytology, a recently developed technique within nanotechnology research, uses a scanning probe microscope to record the vibrational movements of cell walls and amplifies those vibrations so that humans can hear them. Yeast cells vibrate approximately one thousand times per second, and most cells vibrate within the frequency—though not amplitude—range of human hearing. Humans can hear as sound any vibration that has a periodicity in the range of twenty to twenty thousand vibrations per second (Hertz). The vibrations of cells are well within the frequency range of human hearing—in musical terms, from the C-sharp just above middle C to the following D, a half-step up—but the amplitudes of their vibrations are too low to be within normal hearing range (the cell wall is displaced only three nanometers each time it vibrates) (Wheeler 2004). By amplifying the vibrations of cells, researchers essentially ‘turn up the volume’ on cellular vibrations. In this paper, I will address how raw cellular vibrations are converted into cellular sounds that scientists can interpret as conveying meaningful information regarding the dynamism of cellular interiors. Further, I will examine the conditions that enable scientists to describe cells as actors capable of ‘speaking’ or ‘screaming,’ and how listening to cellular sounds may eventually change how scientists think about cells—as subjects that are dynamic, environmentally situated, and experiential. Jim Gimzewski, a scientist in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at the University of California, Los Angeles, is best known for the nanotechnology research he conducted while at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory, where he built the highly publicized molecular abacus and molecular wheel (Cuberes et al. 1996, Gimzewski et al. 1998). A celebrity in the nanotech world, he has received numerous honors and prizes, including the prestigious Feynman prize for nanotechnology research. With his graduate student Andrew Pelling, in 2004 Gimzewski used an atomic force microscope (AFM) to record the nanomechanical motion of yeast cells. Atomic force microscopy has been used to probe the surface of E. coli, to image biomolecular reactions as they occur, to measure the molecular movement of cardiomyocytes (heart muscle cells that contract rhythmically in culture), and to track the movements of flagella and cilia. Gimzewski’s original intention was to record the movement of cardiomyocytes, which were sent to him by Carlo Ventura, a Sardinian medical researcher Gimzewski had met at a conference in 2001. Gimzewski’s stem cells were scheduled to arrive from Sardinia on September 11, 2001. In the heightened state of national security immediately following 9/11, Gimzewski’s stem cells were deemed a potential threat and were seized by customs (Wertheim 2003). Frustrated and impatient to begin his work with the AFM, Gimzewski borrowed a yeast culture from colleagues in a nearby lab and was surprised to discover that yeast vibrate with a regular periodicity. The atomic force microscope was manufactured in the 1980s and is now indispensable to nanotechnology work. While light microscopes cannot resolve objects smaller than half the length of a light wave, the atomic force microscope resolves this problem, which scientists term the Rayleigh limit, by using a nanometer-size probe to map the topology of the object being imaged. As a tiny cantilever (its tip is less than ten nanometers wide) is displaced by the surface of an object, a piezoelectric crystal converts nanomechanical motion into voltage, creating a map of the surface. However, instead of dragging a probe over the surface of a sample, Gimzewski held the AFM probe stationary on the surface of a yeast cell so that the oscillations of its cell wall could be traced. Yeast cells, about five microns in length, have cell walls much more rigid than most mammalian cells, a characteristic that makes it easier to rest a microscopic probe on their surface in order to detect cellular vibrations. Gimzewski discovered that yeast cells vibrated rhythmically, and that the periodicity of the vibration was within the range of human hearing (the wave fluctuated between 20 and 20,000 times a second). Using a computer program available on the Internet, he converted the vibrations recorded by the AFM into an electronic sound file. Gimzewski believes that sonocytology is preferable to other techniques for rendering cellular interiors because it is non-invasive, using no dyes, fluorescent markers, or quantum dots (Pelling et al. 2004). He argues that the synchronized movement of motor proteins ‘cannot be observed by traditional cytological methods and occurs in cells in their natural state.’ The movements of these molecular molecules are, Gimzewski says, ‘too small and fast to be seen on video’ (Pelling et al. 2004: 1150).

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